Kidney and bladder diseases

Nephrology is the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the kidneys and bladder. In addition to the filtration function, the kidneys play a secretory role (erythropoietin is involved in the production of red blood cells, the active form of vitamin D3 is necessary for proper bone mineralization), regulate water-electrolyte and acid-base balance, and play an important role in maintaining normal blood pressure.

FLOSMED offers you a nephrological consultation at Katarzyna Smykał-Jankowiak, MD, PhD.

Katarzyna Smykał-Jankowiak, MD, PhD

Katarzyna Smykał-Jankowiak is a graduate of the Medical University of Karol Marcinkowski in Poznań, which she graduated in 2007. with an excellent rating in 2012. received the title of doctor of medical sciences on the basis of a doctoral dissertation entitled "Analysis of the occurrence of antibodies against complement C1q in the serum of patients with primary and secondary glomerulonephritis". She is a co-author of several scientific publications and several reports presented at national and international conferences (including, among others, a presentation awarded during the XX Polish-German-Czech Symposium "Modern Aspects of Nephrology and Hypertension" in 2014). in 2015 she obtained the title of specialist in internal medicine with a very good grade. Then she specialized in nephrology at the Department and Clinic of Nephrology, Transplantology and Internal Diseases of the Teaching Hospital. H. Święcicki in Poznań. Currently, she has started specialization in the field of transplantology at the Department of Transplantology and General Surgery with the Urology Subdepartment at the Provincial Hospital in Poznań.

He is a member of the Polish Society of Nephrology and Transplantology, the Polish Club of Vascular Access and the European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA).

Scope of diagnostics and tests:
a) kidney diseases, the symptoms of which may be:
  • proteinuria
  • erythrocyturia (increased number of red blood cells in the urine)
  • hypertension
  • swelling
  • electrolyte disturbances: abnormal concentrations of sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphates;
  • acidosis
  • anemia
b) glomerulonephritis - primary as well as in the course of systemic lupus erythematosus or systemic vasculitis
c) kidney damage in the course of hypertension, diabetes, heart failure
d) acute and chronic renal failure (increased serum creatinine and reduced renal filtration function)
e) urinary tract infections
f) kidney stones
g) internal medicine advice

Internal diseases, Transplantology

Price list

  • Consultation
    PLN 250
  • Teleconsultation
    PLN 200
  • Consultation with ultrasound assessment (USG)
    PLN 250

Book your visit

Katarzyna Smykał-Jankowiak -



Contact number

Email for booking

Work hours

What does a kidney ultrasound look like?

Kidney ultrasound (USG) is a non-invasive diagnostic procedure that uses sound waves to generate images of the internal structure of the kidneys. During the examination, the patient lies on his back or side and the doctor applies ultrasound gel to the patient's skin, which helps transmit sound waves. Using a hand-held device called a transducer, the doctor moves it across the skin in the kidney area, which allows images of the kidneys to be viewed on a monitor screen in real time. The test usually takes about 20-30 minutes and does not require any special preparation, although patients may be asked to fill their bladder to facilitate observation.

Is kidney ultrasound painful?

Renal ultrasound is generally considered painless and does not cause any discomfort. The sound waves used in ultrasound are completely harmless and imperceptible to the patient. The only potential source of discomfort may be the need to keep the bladder full before the examination, which is sometimes required for better visualization of the kidneys and adjacent structures. Additionally, the pressure of the transducer on the skin, while usually gentle, can be somewhat uncomfortable, especially in sensitive areas or in patients with existing skin conditions. However, any unpleasant sensations are minimal and should not cause you to worry before taking the test.

Diseases diagnosed using kidney ultrasound

Renal ultrasound allows the identification of a wide spectrum of diseases and pathological conditions. The most common include:


Kidney ultrasound is therefore a comprehensive diagnostic tool that can provide valuable information about kidney health.

Fill out the form - we'll call you back!

Please complete and send the contact form in order to receive consultations and book a visit.

By clicking the "Send" button, you agree to the processing of your personal data. More in our Privacy policy